Articulating this sort of thing is difficult for me to do, and yet I have had a number of folks ask me how I go about making these. Since wording feels awkward, I shall do my best with the images.
1. I select an image (I Googled calligraphy cadel images). make a light pencil sketch, starting with what feels like the framework of the letter.
2. Line with a fine pen. As the example is in red, I use kneadable tack to lighten the pencil lines as much as possible.
3. Use calligraphy pen to fill heavy lines where they will naturally fall. I use a brush to smooth out long lines.
4. fill in detail work. I do what feels comfortable, and I try to remember that it’s hard to over-embellish.
Calligraphy cadel P and the materials used to make it
There’s not a lot of equipment, and I use what I’ve gotten comfortable with, so I’m not advocating any brands, or modern versus historic materials.
Letters like P can sometimes be easily modified. This is the same frame, with a little anachronism…